• Lillie Burke

What food is really made of and how to eat healthier

As college students with many grab-and-go food options, it’s easy to fall into a habit of eating unhealthy and gaining the freshman 15 or 20.

“It is very easy to eat unhealthy because there are many bad options,” said Hannah Fletcher, a freshman Christian leadership major. “And sometimes I am in a hurry and only have time to grab the unhealthy fast food.”

The United States is the most obese country, with 30.6 percent of its population suffering from obesity, said Michael Shaub, a Doctor of Chiropractics. If this statistic holds true to Belmont University, then about 2,117 students are overweight.

By concentrating on three categories of unhealthy eating–fat, toxins and sugar—eating healthy can become easier for everyone, even college students.

The U.S. has the highest amount of low-fat foods and diets in the world, but we are still suffering from the highest amount of fat intake, said Shaub.

A common misconception of fat is that it makes people fat; healthy fats help your body burn fat, build cell membrane, absorb vitamins and a plethora of other things, said Shaub.One type of fat is trans-fat.Healthy Fats:

  1. Olive Oil

  2. Fish Oil

  3. Avocados

  4. Nuts

  5. Seeds

  6. Fatty Fishes

Trans-fats are partially hydrogenated oils which improve both the shelf life and the flavor of foods such as frozen pizza, microwave popcorn and packaged cookies, according to a CNN report.

They are linked to causing coronary heart disease, an increase in low-density lipoprotein, or bad cholesterol, and increase the levels of lipoprotein and triglycerides, which are linked to cardiovascular disease, according to a CNN report.

The influence unhealthy trans-fats has pushed the Food and Drug Administration to ban artificial trans-fats on Nov. 7.

“The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says removing trans fats from the U.S. food supply could prevent about 20,000 heart attacks a year and 7,000 deaths from cardiovascular disease,” according to a CNN report.

Besides trans-fat, saturated fat is also something to consider for good or bad.

“Saturated fatty acids are fully loaded with hydrogen atoms and contain only single bonds,” said Maria Scrimenti, a junior psychology major with a nutrition minor.

These fatty acids are found in animal meat fats, chocolate and tropical oils. Saturated fat helps the cell membrane to function, is the preferred fuel for the heart, prevents oxidation of cholesterol and many more things, said Shaub.

Toxins are also a major part of the food industry.

The Food and Drug Administration has approved approximately 3,000 food additives, preservatives and colorings. The average person ingests 150 pounds of additives every year, said Shaub.Food that do not contain toxins:

  1. Organic fruits and vegetables

  2. Grass fed beef

  3. Free range chicken

  4. Dairy from natural sources

The strawberry milkshakes from Burger King contain 47 ingredients, none of which are strawberries or milk. Instead the “milkshake” is loaded with things like amyl acentate, anethol, ionon and many other ingredients, said Shaub.

The Chicken McNuggets from McDonalds also contain some unsavory surprises.

One nugget does contain chicken in the 38 ingredients, but these ingredients also include anti-foaming agents such as dimethylpolyiloxen which is flammable. Also in the list of ingredients is tertiary butyl hydroquinone, derived from petroleum, which is fatal if too much is ingested, said Shaub.

Even though there is plenty of information floating around about the negatives of packaged foods, people still consume them regularly.

Pesticides add to the strange chemicals entering the food supply.

Three million tons of pesticides are used each year worldwide with more than 1,600 chemicals used in the production. Exposure has been linked to nervous system disorder, immune system suppression and many other damages, said Shaub.

Another basis for health concerns is the amount of sugar intake the average person has in per day.

The average person eats 53 teaspoons of sugar per day. This is equivalent to a five pound bag of sugar every 10 days, said Shaub. One-third of our dietary sugar comes from drinking soft drinks. The average American drinks 55 gallons of soda-pop each year and it takes 30 cups of water to neutralize one can, said Shaub.

“I would have to say Coke and Diet Coke products would be the worst food items in a dorm. This will rob the brain of focus and create chronic fatigue,” said Shaub.Hidden Sources of Sugar include:

  1. Pasta Sauces

  2. Lunch Meats

  3. Canned Foods

  4. Pizza Sauces

  5. Salad Dressings

  6. Soups

  7. BreadsHidden Sources of Sugar include:

  8. Pasta Sauces

  9. Lunch Meats

  10. Canned Foods

  11. Pizza Sauces

  12. Salad Dressings

  13. Soups

  14. Breads

Although there is much to look out for in a world of processed foods, there are some easy alternatives and mindsets to get into in order to live a healthier lifestyle.

“It’s really important to check labels, so if you see something that is really high in sugar and has trans-fat that’s not something you want to pick up,” said Scrimenti. “So stay away from Chick-Fil-A sandwiches and pizza.”

A good tip to remember for checking labels is the idea that the more convenient something is in packaging, the worse it will probably be for your body.

The same goes for the bakery items at What’s Bruin? or Starbucks. The items in stores that sell commercially-made baked goods are not good for your health since they have more preservatives. Also, checking the labels for the serving sizes is a good way of maintaining a balanced diet, said Scrimenti.

The healthier you eat, the more energy you’re going to be able to sustain throughout the day. When you’re eating right you feel healthy, confident in yourself and you feel on top of your game, said Scrimenti.

I believe that a healthy diet dictates my lifestyle. I get my energy and nutrients from my food, how my brain functions depends on what I eat, said Emily Dempsey, a sophomore songwriting major.

“Healthy eating is a lifestyle, not something that goes in and out of style,” said Scrimenti. “Once you decide to revamp your diet, do not do anything dramatic. ‘Cheat’ meals are healthy. They shock your metabolism and keep you sane.”

The process of checking for good fats, toxins and sugar takes time and patients, but having a healthy lifestyle can be a major change for good.

Healthy eating for less than $20Grocery List$1.35 carrots$1.00 green apples$0.90 beans$1.00 kale$6.56 frozen chicken$0.82 brown rice$1.44 cottage cheese$1.88 milk$1.28 oatmeal$3.67 black bean burger$19.90 total

Recipes: Breakfast of Quick Oats and Milk½ cup oats1 cup milkDash of salt (Optional)Combine oats and milk, with optional salt, in a medium microwave safe bowl. Stir to combine ingredients and prevent dry oats. Microwave for 1 ½ to 2 minutes. Once the oats are cooked, stir and enjoy.

breakfast 2 items
Snack 1
Lunch items
Snack 2 items
Dinner 2

#health #healthcare #healthyeating

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